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Invigorating the kidney to strengthen yang, strengthening the muscles,
tendons and bones, and dispelling wind to eliminate dampness (relieve
rheumatic condition). Impotence and nocturnal emission, deficient-cold
sterility, frequent urine and incontinence, asthma and cough due to kidney
deficiency, soreness of the lower back and knees, arthralgia due to wind-dampness,
hemiplegia, numbness of the limbs.
- The applicable
part of Herba Epimedii is the leaf. Researchers think flavonoids, icariin,
and polysaccharides are the active constituents. Some evidence suggests
Herba Epimedii might cause peripheral vasodilation, increase coronary
blood flow, increase platelet aggregation and improve male sexual function.
- Herbal Epimedii
also seems to inhibit catecholamine effects. It seems to have some hypotensive,
immunomodulating, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antitussive and
expectorant effects. Evidence suggests Herba Epimedii might have activity
- Relieve nocturnal
emission and leucorrphagia, and reduce the frequency of urination; for
kidney deficiency manifested as nocturnal emission, enuresis and leucorrphagia,
usually used with Semen Euryales together.
- Astringe the intestine
to relieve diarrhea; for chronic diarrhea due to spleen deficiency.
- For chronic dysentery.
- Its decoction inhibits
the growth of influenza virus and Bacillus dysenteriae in vitro.
- Promoting the secretion
of gastric juice and enhancing the digestive function, also as an astringent.
- Benefit the kidney,
preserve essence and decrease micturition; for kidney deficiency manifested
as nocturnal emission, enuresis and frequent micturition, usually used
together with Fructus Alpiniae and Ootheca Mantidis; for impotence,
premature ejaculation and seminal emission due to kidney deficiency,
used together with Semen Cuscutae and Semen Astragali Cornplanati.
- Promote visual
acuity for blurring of vision due to deficiency of liver and kidney,
used together with Fructus Lycti, Fructus Schisandrae and Cuscutae.
Possessing an estrogen-like effect.
- Invigorate the
kidney and strengthen yang. For sufficiency of kidney-yang manifested
as cold pain of the waist and knees, impotence, emission, enuresis,
frequent micturition, cough, dyspnea and shortness of breath, metorrphagia
- Warm the spleen
and kidney to stop diarrhea; for chronic diarrhea and diarrhea before
dawn due to insufficiency of spleen-yang and kidney-yang. Recently also
used for leukocytopenia, bronchial asthma and metorrhagia. External
application of its alcoholic infusion for corns and leukoplakia vulvae;
intramuscular injection and external application of psoralen for leukoderma
- Corylifolinin (isobavachalacone,
one of the components) dilates coronary artery significantly.
- Promoting phagocytosis
- Exciting the intestine
smooth muscles in vivo and in vitro and relaxing the uterus of guinea
pigs in vitro.
- Warm the kidney
and strengthen yang; for deficiency of kidney-yang manifested as impotence,
emission, enuresis, frequent micturition and sterility.
- Strengthen the
tendons and bones, expel cold and dampness; for hypofunction of liver
and kidney manifested as weakness of extremities, lassitude and cold
pain of the waist and knees; or chronic rheumatism with arthralgia,
weakness, cold pain of the joints, fatigue and pale tongue.
- Exerting androgen-like
- Promoting the luteinizing
action of the hypothalamus-pituitary system.
- Promoting the development
of immature granulocytes.
- Benefit vital energy
and promote production of body fluid; for insufficiency of vital energy
and body fluid manifested as fatigue, shortness of breath and feeble
pulse, palpitation, hyperhidrosis (spontaneous persperation or night
sweat), thirst, diabetes, etc., usually used together with Radix Ginseng
and Radix Ophiopogonis.
- Astringe lung-energy,
relieve dyspnea and cough; for cough and dyspnea of lung-deficiency
type, lung-cold type and the dype of deficiency of both lung and kidney.
- Invigorate kidney
and preserve essence; for kidney-deficiency syndrome with emission,
chronic diarrhea, leucorrphagia, etc.
- Nourish the heart
and calm the mind; for heart-deficiency syndrome with palpitation, insomnia
and dreaminess. In addition, its powder preparation is used for chronic
hepatitis with elevation of serum transaminase.
- Its decoction exerts
bacteriostatic effect on Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aurous,
Flexner's bacillus and Typhoid bacillus in vitro.
- Schizandrin, one
of its active components, can protect liver from damage.
- Enhancing lymphocyte-blastogenesis
- Cardiotonic and
- Tonify the liver
and the kidney, darken the hair and promote visual acuity; for deficiency
of liver-yin and kidney-yin manifested as dizziness, tinnitus, blurring
of vision, weakness of the loin and knees, hectic fever, nocturnal emission,
alopecia and poliosis, usually used with Herba Ecliptae. Recently used
for seborrheic alopecia, central retinitis, early cataract, etc.
- Tranquilize the
mind by nourishing the heart; for insufficiency of heart-yin manifested
as insomnia, palpitation and precordial pain. Recently, also used for
angina pectoris, hyperlipemia and neurasthenia, especially those of
in-deficiency type. In addition, also used for leukocytopenia, viral
hepatitis with yin-deficiency syndrome; its component oleanolic acid
for various kinds of hepatitis.
- Its component oleanolic
acid can prevent and relieve cyclophosphamide-induced leukocytopenia
- Enhancing the anoxia
tolerance of mice under atmospheric pressure.
- Invigorate the
kidney and supplement essence; for insufficiency of kidney-yang or kidney
essence manifested as ipotence, emission, enuresis, frequent micturition,
sterility, leucorrhagia, soreness of the loin and knees, blurred vision,
tinnitus and deafness.
- Soothe the fetus;
for deficiency of the liver and kidney manifested as threatened abortion
and habitual abortion, used together with Ramulus Taxilli, Radix Dipsaci
and Colla Corri Asini.
- Nourish the liver
and improve visual acuity; for blurring of vision and hypopsia due to
insufficiency of the liver and kidney.
- Benefit the spleen
to relieve diarrhea; for loose stools or diarrhea due to deficiency
of the spleen and kidney, usually used together with Fructus Psoraleae,
Semen Myristicae and Phizma Atractylodis Macrocephalae. Recently, also
used for aplastic anemia and chyluria.
- Promoting lymphocyte-blastogenesis.
- Invigorate vital
energy and spleen; for spleen-deficiency with poor appetite, loose stools,
fatigue and bleeding, usually used together with Radix Codonopsis Pilosulae
and Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae; for deficiency of both vital
energy and blood, used together with Radix Angelicae Sinensis.
- Invigorate vital
energy to activate yang; for collapse of middle-jiao energy manifested
as prolapse of rectum, hysteroptosis or gastroptosis, usually used together
with Codonopsis Pilosulae, Rhizoma Cimicifugae and Radix Bupleuri.
- Invigorate vital
energy to strengthen the body; for common cold in debilitated patient,
superficies-asthenia with profuce sweating, usually used together with
- Relieve skin infection
and promote tissue regeneration; for unruptured abscess, unhealed carbuncle,
skin erosion, unhealed wound, eruptive diseases and skin infection of
yin-type. Recently, used for peptic ulcer and atrophic gastritis.
- Promote diuresia
and relieve edema; for edema of spleen-deficiency type. In addition,
it can invigorate vital energy to promote production of body fluid and
quench thirst and is indicated for diabetes; hemiplegia due to deficiency
of vital energy and blood stasis. Also used for asthma and leukocytopenia.
- Others; for albuminuria
in chronic nephritis, diabetes caused by internal heat.
- Increasing the
amount of leukocytes and polymorphocytes in peripheral blood and promoting
- Its polysaccharide
promotes the healing of skin ulcer.
- Dilating coronary
artery and capillaries.